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Medium 9781936763214

Chapter 5 Mathematics Instruction for English Learners

Maria Espino Calderon Solution Tree Press ePub

By Maria Trejo

Mathematics teachers struggle to develop lessons that incorporate all three instructional components that ELs need: (1) grade-level academic English, (2) mastery of English literacy, and (3) mathematics content. There is often a lack of appropriate instructional materials, timely professional development, and time to learn new strategies. It is difficult for teachers to find free time to meet and articulate instructional goals, discuss commonalities among the high school curriculum, and assess individual students’ needs. Secondary ELs are particularly at risk, as they may have less time to learn academic English, to learn all content from the standards, and to meet graduation requirements.

Yet, according to Talia Milgrom-Elcott (2013), “STEM learning will enable our children to grow our economy, discover new cures, solve old mysteries, and address the most pressing challenges of tomorrow” (p. 2). Why should our ELs not be able to address these challenges as well? The STEM Education Coalition’s (2012) Statement of Core Policy Principles includes a strong emphasis on hands-on, inquiry-based learning activities that could be very successful for ELs, such as learning about the engineering design process, working directly with STEM professionals through internships, and participating in field experiences and STEM-related competitions.

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Medium 9781782200338

Chapter Six

Espy, John C. Karnac Books ePub

Montana bound

Bar Jonah and Tyra departed early in the morning, August 29. Heading west, the sun wasn't going to be in their eyes. That morning Bar Jonah said he had a headache so Tyra would have to drive. Once they got on the road, Bar Jonah insisted they go to Montana by way of Arkansas, to meet the woman that he was going to marry. Bar Jonah and Tyra began to head south, instead of due west. The trip was long.

Tyra could only drive about five hours a day before she became exhausted. She was seventy-five. Bar Jonah complained a lot about the heat and feeling cramped in the car. He wanted to stop at every quick food place they passed. They also had to make frequent stops at rest areas, where he could sit for a while and watch the kids run around, while their parents took a break from driving. Sometimes he would try to help the parents out by offering to play with their children. He loved kids, he would tell them.

Along the way there were signs off I-75, pointing to old drive-in movie theaters that had been turned into flea markets. Bar Jonah insisted on stopping at every one, packing any remaining cranny in the car with toy guns and small metal cars. Sometimes he would give them away to the kids he met at rest areas along the way. One mother hugged him, praising his generosity and kindness, he said. He said it was just the Christian thing to do.

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Medium 9781574413083

Chapter 7 • Capital Punishment and Death Row

R. Scott Harnsberger University of North Texas Press PDF

Appellate Courts

•409 Annual Statistical Report for the Texas Judiciary. Austin: Office of Court

Administration [2005–date].

Presents data for the Texas Court of Criminal Appeals on direct appeals

(death penalty and DNA appeals–death sentence); applications for writ of habeas corpus (death penalty); and motions for stay of execution. Also includes a county-level summary of death sentences and life sentences imposed in criminal cases in state district courts.

Research Note: Data is reported by fiscal year. Reports are available online back to 1996.

Previously published under the titles Texas Judicial Council Annual Report (1974–1978), Texas

Judicial System Annual Report of Statistical and Other Data for Calendar Year [year] (1979–

1983), and Texas Judicial System Annual Report Fiscal Year [year] (1984–2004).

410 Fagan, Jeffrey, and James Liebman. Processing and Outcome of Death

Penalty Appeals after Furman v. Georgia, 1973–1995: [United States]. Ann

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Medium 9780861966820

The Bump in the Road

Marie Beardmore John Libbey Publishing ePub


John’s working life was humming along fine; not only were his films garnering awards but so was he. In 1993 Theresa Plummer-Andrews presented him with a BBC Lifetime Achievement Award, which John refers to as his “old age” award. Theresa, still then head of BBC Children’s Acquisitions, Co-productions, gave a small speech to mark the occasion. “He’s made a few films here and there, but mostly, he’s known as the man who put the L into lunch!” No one in the industry, and plenty outside of it, could argue with that!

While his professional life continued to zing along, things were not so great personally and, inevitably, John and Chris hit a bit of a sticky patch. During this period, he met a few nice ladies who he fondly remembers. In the September of 1993, while making the Beatrix Potter films, John attended the Cartoon Forum in Inverness. There, he reconnected with a young woman he had met some years previously at an animation seminar in Switzerland. He recalls back then being in a strange 1930s hotel at the Lake of Neuchatel where there was an extraordinary good-looking girl at the bar every evening. “I remember at the last evening I asked who she was. Anyway, a year or two later on my way to the Cartoon Forum at Inverness, I was enjoying a gin and tonic before catching the plane at Terminal 1, Heathrow. I was sitting at the top of a little spiral staircase that went up to the bar, when a fantastically good looking girl came over and kissed me on the cheek and said, you don’t know who I am, do you? And it was her. “We travelled to Inverness together and that was lovely … and then an extraordinary thing happened on my return. There were two planes coming back, one was early so I avoided that, and caught the later one. There was an empty seat beside me and the whole plane went ‘ohhh’ when she came and sat in it! It was the only empty seat. How could she have had the seat reserved and held? I said how on earth did you manage that? She just giggled.” Over time, they became good friends. Eurostar had just begun, and they would meet at the Musée d’Orsay. “I’d take the taxi at the Gare du Nord and then I’d have to find her amongst the animal sculptures outside the Musée.”

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Medium 9781574413298

Many a River: The Van Zandts of Texas

Robert Earl Hardy University of North Texas Press PDF


A Deeper Blue: The Life and Music of Townes Van Zandt

March 2, 1836, then ending the next month with the surrender of Mexican forces and the capture of General Santa Anna on the battlefield at San Jacinto, with Texas thereby established as an independent republic. Throughout the next decade, AngloAmerican settlement of the region continued. From east of the

Sabine, more and more men and their families lit out for the new territory, lured by the well-advertised prospect of cheap land and abundant work. Often with little or no notice, these pioneers left their old lives behind them, along with signs saying simply, “Gone to Texas.”

One of those pioneers was Isaac Van Zandt, son of Jacob and Mary (Isaacs) Van Zandt. The Van Zandt family originally sailed from Holland prior to the American Revolution, settling in New York then migrating to North Carolina. Jacob took his family to Franklin County, Tennessee, in 1800. Isaac was born there on July 10, 1813.1 When Isaac married Frances Cooke Lipscomb in December 1833, he and his father were proprietors of a store in Maxwell, Tennessee, near Salem. When Jacob died in

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