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CHAPTER FOUR The articulated space of social unconsciousness

Weegmann, Martin Karnac Books PDF


The articulated space of social unconsciousness


lthough Foulkes (e.g., 1973–1974) proposed a concept of the social unconscious, traversing an individual, “dynamic unconscious”, it was not developed in theory. Exploring textual tensions within the corpus of Foulkes’ work, Dalal (1998) argues that

Foulkes ultimately collapses a potentially radical concept of the social unconscious into a more biologically derived, relatively static, “foundation matrix”; a foundation matrix where, in the minimal description of

Foulkes (1971), group members, “have the same qualities as a species, the same anatomy and physiology, and also perhaps archaic traces of ancient experiences” (p. 212). As all theories are developed in response to that which is missing, Dalal (2001) reminds us that “the notion of the social unconscious seeks to compensate for … the absence of the social in much psychoanalytic discourse. Thus at the very least, the phrase brings some notion of the social into the discursive frame” (p. 539).

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10. The Place, Promised, That Has Not Yet Been: The Nature of Dislocation and Desire in Adrienne Rich’s Your Native Land/Your Life and Minnie Bruce Pratt’s Crime Against Nature

Catriona Mortimer-Sandilands Indiana University Press ePub


The hatred baffles me . . . / the way she pulled the statute book down like a novel/ . . . crime against nature. . . . / That year the punishment was: not less than five nor more/than sixty years. For my methods, indecent and unnatural/of gratifying a depraved and perverted sexual instinct./For even the slightest touching of lips or tongue or lips/to a woman’s genitals.

—Minnie Bruce Pratt

I need to understand how a place on the map is also a place in history within which as a woman, a Jew, a lesbian, a feminist I am created and trying to create. Begin, though, not with a continent or country or a house, but with the geography closest in—the body. . . . Begin, we said, with the material, with matter, mma, madre, mutter, moeder, modder, etc., etc.

—Adrienne Rich

Adrienne Rich and Minnie Bruce Pratt are contemporary U.S. lesbian feminist poets whose work overtly challenges many sorts of social inequalities and exclusions, including heterosexism, which rests upon the formulation of homosexuality as a crime against nature. Both poets expose how this discourse of unnatural sex dislocates lesbians from the social-natural order by framing homosexuals as societal pariahs and felons who are then excluded from social spaces and endangered within natural terrains. Rich and Pratt contest this “crime-against-nature” ideology by locating lesbian speakers within beloved landscapes, and through this strategic, nonessential identification of women with the natural world, they stake a claim for what Pratt describes as “the place, promised, that has not yet been—” (Pratt 1990, 18), a revolutionary environment of sexual freedom. Both writers call into question the ways that our ideas of the “natural” have permeated social formations and have been used by the hegemonic culture to naturalize and legalize social norms; while their poetry consciously redeploys the natural so as to reaffirm lesbian desires, it also emphasizes that appeals to nature have troubled histories and violent results that we must always address. Their poetic subversion of crime-against-nature ideology brings together struggles for environmental justice and sexual justice and offers us one approach toward a queer ecology.

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40. Hsieh / Deliverance

Jones, Peggy Karnac Books ePub

above Chên / The Arousing, Thunder

below Kan / The Abysmal, Water

above Kan / The Abysmal, Water

below Li / The Penetrating, Fire

The danger represented by lower primary trigram K'an has passed (K'an's natural movement is to sink) and new growth - Chên -has already started (Chên's natural movement is to rise). After a thunderstorm, sometimes one can hear the rumbles of thunder as they recede further and further into the distance while all around the world seems new and clean; the air is cleared, the tension that always builds in the atmosphere before a storm has been broken or dissipated. In the situation pictured here, the storm has not come suddenly but is, rather, the result of a build-up of factors. In life there are often situations in which many contributing factors can be seen, their history tracked, as they come together finally into a moment of crisis that clears the air but might leave some wreckage in its wake. The earlier we are able to recognize the signs of such a looming ‘storm’, the less destructive will it be. If we fail to read such signs, not wishing to recognize the gathering danger, we may wish afterwards that we had been more attentive or courageous.

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2009 BioBlitz

Kenneth J. Schoon Quarry Books ePub

A BioBlitz is a well-organized, fast-paced twenty-four-hour event in which students, teachers, and other community members team up with park rangers and volunteer scientists to find and identify as many species of living plants, animals, and other organisms as they can.

The National Geographic Society decided to hold a BioBlitz at a different national park each year from 2007 up until the National Park Service’s centennial in 2016. The 2009 Blitz was at the Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore, where in spite of heavy rains more than 1,200 species were identified.

Superintendent Constantine Dillon welcomed and thanked the volunteers. (facing left) NPS, Lee Traynham

Volunteers, including hundreds of students from area schools, came ready to work. (facing right) NPS, Jeff Manuszak

Volunteers planned the operation on land. (facing below) NPS, James Beversdorf

On May 15 and 16, the park hosted more than two thousand students and thousands of additional volunteers, who spread out in small groups and surveyed the park looking for every available living species they could find. The tally at the end of the search period was 890, but it grew to more than 1,200 after biologists had time to examine some species in their labs, confirm IDs, and compare notes.

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CHAPTER FOURTEEN: Critique of psychoanalysis

Karnac Books ePub

Adolf Grünbaum


As we know, classical long-term psychoanalytic treatment has fallen on hard times in the USA. But the membership of Division 39 of the American Psychological Association, which is concerned with psychoanalytic psychology, is quite active, and so-called “psychoanalytically-oriented” psychotherapy of shorter duration still needs to be reckoned with in this country. Indeed, I venture to claim that some key Freudian notions remain quite influential in psychotherapeutic practice, though sometimes unbeknownst to both the practitioners and their patients.

In my essay “Critique of psychoanalysis”, which first appeared in the 2002 Freud Encyclopedia (ed. Edward Erwin), I have distilled from my writings a systematic critique of the fundamental hypotheses of the psychoanalytic enterprise, both theoretical and therapeutic, employing a philosophy of science perspective. And I have done so in the hope that psychologists from the spectrum of various schools of thought will find my article useful.

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