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1. Battle Creek Beginnings

Brian C. Wilson Indiana University Press ePub

1

Battle Creek Beginnings

In the summer of 1940 at the age of eighty-eight, Dr. John Harvey Kellogg, seeking to record on paper some of the essential facts of his long life, cast his thoughts back to 1863, a time when Battle Creek, Michigan, was “a very small village of a few hundred inhabitants” and the great Battle Creek Sanitarium was still many years in the future. His mother, Kellogg remembered, had just asked the young boy what he wanted to be when he grew up, to which he had promptly replied, “Anything but a doctor!” Apparently, shortly before his mother’s question, John Harvey and some other boys had pressed their faces against a neighbor’s window to witness the bloody spectacle of a local sawbones practicing his art on one of their playmates lying on the kitchen table. In the wake of this episode, Kellogg remembered, “I abhorred the medical profession, did not like bad medicine and the bloody surgery.” That just a few years later that young boy would find himself a famous doctor—and a surgeon at that—must have given the elderly Kellogg a chuckle, for in addition to his childhood disgust at the sight of blood, he had been at the age of eleven nothing more than an undersize boy working in his father’s Battle Creek broom factory, distinguished only by his exceptional manual dexterity sorting broom corn and the fact that his family belonged to a struggling apocalyptic sect.1

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17. Holocaust Denial and the Image of the Jew, or: “They Boycott Auschwitz as an Israeli Product” \ Dina Porat

Alvin H Rosenfeld Indiana University Press ePub

Dina Porat

The image of the Jew depicted by Holocaust deniers since the Second World War raises numerous issues, including these two: (1) can this image change once circumstances themselves change? And (2), if so—is the denial of the Holocaust the deniers’ final goal, or is it the perpetuation of a certain, always negative image of the Jew?

Hard-core Holocaust denial, which reached its heyday in the 1980s and the 1990s, created a certain image of the “Jew,” as Brian Klug put it when he tried to define the distinction between Jews and a “Jew.”1 He argued that antisemitism “is best defined not by an attitude toward Jews but by a definition of a ‘Jew,’ ” and that antisemitism is “the process of turning Jews into a ‘Jew.’ ” His distinction is equally relevant to both the “Jew” in the singular and “Jews” in the plural, because in both cases the quotation marks turn the Jew/Jews into an idea, a symbol, a stereotype, in which each individual is meant to represent his people at large as a collectivity, and both cease to be recognized as part of reality. The process of turning individuals and a people into “Jew/Jews” is at the heart of the following discussion.

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Chapter 17 – Discipline

Jorge Antonio Renaud The University of North Texas Press ePub

CHAPTER SEVENTEEN

discipline

One of the most famous judges in Texas history was Roy Bean, remembered as the Law West of the Pecos as a result of the outrageous brand of justice he administered in Langtry, Texas. Judge Bean would ask miscreants how much money they had and then fine them exactly that much. He once ordered a hanged and buried criminal dug up and hanged again. Judge Bean would have fit in fine as a TDCJ disciplinary captain. The ultimate in frustration and helplessness felt by an inmate is when he goes before the Unit Disciplinary Committee and is steamrolled and flattened by the prison disciplinary machine.

The system seems simple, and maybe even just, to outsiders, if only because it mirrors the court system in the free-world. When inmates enter TDCJ, they are handed a book with the rules they must follow. If a guard believes an inmate has violated a rule, the guard writes a case—a ticket, if you will—that details the incident. The inmate is advised of the charges, and, depending on their seriousness, is appointed a substitute counsel, which is another guard, to aid in his defense. The inmate then appears before the Unit Disciplinary Committee, which is in reality a lone captain whose duties are to be the arm of justice on that unit. The inmate is allowed to present a defense, to call witnesses, and to appeal the findings. If found guilty, punishment is assessed from a range designed to fit the seriousness of the offense.

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Appendix

Philippson, Peter Karnac Books ePub

In many ways, the approach I have been presenting are set in the same universe as the one described by Gestalt Therapy. I developed the ideas in this book while working as a Gestalt Therapist and training Gestalt Therapists. I am aware that some of my readers will be Gestaltists and wonder where this is compatible with our shared approach; while others will want to know the theoretical and clinical background out of which my ideas emerged.

Looking over what I have written, I do not have a sense of inconsistency between the approaches. Rather, by elaborating the background, I have found that aspects of Gestalt Therapy that seemed opaque to me and to others became more coherent and meaningful. At the same time, other aspects of Gestalt Therapy which some Gestaltists rely on become clearly unsupported by the approach.

In this Appendix, I will look at various areas of both agreement between this approach based on emergence, and areas where I was pushed into a critique of some ideas within the Gestalt spectrum.

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Chapter Three - Some Observations on the Transference in Psychotic Patients

Karnac Books ePub

The purpose of this paper is to highlight certain aspects of the transference, especially in schizophrenic patients. The ideas so brilliantly presented by my colleagues Dr. Lagache, Dr. Llumberger, and Professor Aberastury may be applied, generally speaking, to the treatment of psychotics. I would like to call attention to contributions by Klein and Fromm-Reichmann as well. These contributions have also informed the point of view I discuss here, which is the result of my work as an analyst of psychotic patients. I consider that the ideas expressed by Klein regarding schizoid mechanisms and by Isaacs on the nature and function of fantasy have set the course for future research.

In her first article on “Transference problems in schizophrenics,” Frieda Fromm-Reichmann (1939) demonstrated the existence of transference in the treatment of these patients and described its essential characteristics. Schizophrenic subjects should be regarded as having undergone severe traumatic experiences during childhood, when their ego and their ability to examine reality were not fully developed. These early traumatic experiences seem to provide the psychological basis for the future pathogenic effect of frustration. During this stage, children live in a narcissistic world. Trauma constitutes an injury to their egocentrism, and they become extremely sensitive to life frustrations. Their capacity to endure trauma is easily exhausted; they escape reality because it becomes intolerable, and attempt to reestablish the infantile autistic world.

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