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9 Thresholds of New African Dramaturgies in France Today

Edited by Frieda Ekotto and Kenneth W H Indiana University Press ePub

Mária Minich Brewer

Not all voices can be heard at the same time in the same story/history.

Kossi Efoui, Solo d’un revenant

THIS COLLECTION OF essays, Rethinking African Cultural Productions, offers an occasion to question theater’s physical and symbolic borders, frontiers, separations, and border crossings. Working as it does across multiple thresholds and dimensions simultaneously, whether of time, space, language, or the body, the art of the theater engages its public in critical considerations of and across borders. A new generation of African diasporic playwrights of the 1990s have thoroughly reinvented the social and symbolic possibilities for new theatrical languages. In this essay, I propose to map out some of the theatrical thresholds implicit in such a project of reinventing a new theatricality. This critical work on thresholds, I argue, needs to focus explicitly on the symbolic, social, and material dimensions of writing for performance.

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43. The Great Men of History

Charles S. Peirce Indiana University Press PDF

43

The Great Men of History

January 1892

Houghton Library

The following list of men who produce upon us the impression of greatness has been drawn up with great care. Of course, different students would make somewhat different lists; but in the main they would agree. A few names have been added in brackets which, though they are not exactly great, are very extraordinary.

Athanasius. 296–376.

Theologian.

Attila. 434–453.

Scourge of God.

St. Augustine. 354–430.

Theologian.

Augustus Caesar. B.C.63–A.D.14.

Emperor.

Marcus Aurelius. 121–180.

Emperor and moralist.

Sebastian Bach. 1685–1750.

Musician.

Francis Bacon. 1561–1626.

Philosopher.

Roger Bacon. 1214–1292.

Philosopher.

Carl Ernst von Baer. 1792–1876.

Naturalist.

Honoré de Balzac. 1799–1850.

Novelist.

Barneveldt. 1549–1619.

Statesman.

[Chevalier Bayard]. 1476–1524.

Le chevalier sans peur et sans reproche.

Thomas à Becket. 1117–1170.

Statesman and ecclesiastic.

Abelard. 1079–1142.

Logician.

Aeschylus. B.C. 525–456.

Tragic poet.

Alcibiades. B.C. 450–404.

Politician.

Alexander the Great. B.C. 356–323.

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Part 3. Nations of Shame

Edited by Erica L Johnson and Patricia Indiana University Press ePub

PART 3

NATIONS OF SHAME

Peiling Zhao

SHAME OCCURS WHEN there is a discrepancy between how we are seen by others and how we want others to see us (Kilborne, “Fields of Shame,” 231). As this discrepancy presents as a “global attack on the self” (M. Lewis, Shame, 75) and typically evokes feelings of disgrace, failure, and weakness about our body, we tend to hide or reshape our body to dissolve the feelings associated with the embodied shame. A nation, treated as a living soul (Abdel-Nour, 698), also feels shame—disgrace, dishonor, and humiliation—when there is a discrepancy between its imposed international image and its national pride, and consequently it changes the bodies of its subjects to dissolve the national shame, typically through, in a Foucauldian sense, historical and cultural forces, discourse, and disciplinary practices.

Although shame is considered as the “master emotion” (Scheff, Bloody Revenge, 54), whose powerful functions have been studied by Silvan Tomkins, Helen Block Lewis, and others, few have acknowledged the shame-pride axis as “a yardstick along which we measure our every activity” (Nathanson, Shame and Pride, 86) and recognized pride as the basic, constant, universal, and primary emotion that drives our every activity: a bond that binds individuals with others, a high-power emotional energy that motivates people to action. In the words of William Blake, “shame is pride's cloak”: this is a clear argument that pride is both the origin of our shame and the emotional energy we use to cope with shame—to shake off the cloak of shame. Although “pride, like shame, involves more than an evaluation of the self, and is reflected in a manner of interacting with others” (Britt and Heise, 255), pride is more public and moves people to interact with others, as prideful behaviors, unlike the shameful behaviors of hiding, withdrawing, and feeling shrunken, typically demonstrate a “tendency to broadcast one's success to the object world” (Nathanson, “Shame/Pride Axis,” 184) and make us feel in our bodies “taller, stronger, bigger, and expansive” (Davitz, 77). Therefore, it is important for us, on the one hand, to further investigate the fundamental role of pride as a universal emotion, as Jessica Tracy has done, and on the other hand not to treat shame and pride as binaries.

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10 As Time Goes By

Ray E. Boomhower Indiana University Press ePub

AS A GRADUATE STUDENT AT NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITYS Medill School of Journalism in Evanston, Illinois, Jim Borg took an independent writing class in the fall of 1975 that required him to research and write an article that might be suitable for publication in such national periodicals as Esquire or The New Yorker. A few months earlier, Chicago newspapers had been full of reports about the death of Steven Stawnychy, a recruit at the Great Lakes Naval Training Center who had been abused by his instructors. On the evening of June 3, 1975, Stawnychy had committed suicide by letting himself be struck by a Chicago and North Western train. “He walked over and laid his head down on the tracks,” said the engineer of the train that hit Stawnychy. “When I realized what he was up to, I just went into ‘emergency’ and tried to stop – but, of course, it was too short a distance.” For his article, Borg wanted to “put all the pieces together into a comprehensive story that also looked at Stawnychy’s background” in an attempt to unravel why the recruit had taken his own life.1

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8 Literary Afterlives of Anne Frank

Edited by Barbara KirshenblattGimblett Indiana University Press ePub

Sara R. Horowitz

As a book in which the act of writing figures so centrally and self-consciously, Anne Frank’s widely read diary has, not surprisingly, engendered an especially rich array of literary responses. These include the literary efforts of inspired teenagers as well as poems and prose fiction by accomplished adult authors and extend to other works—exhibitions, films—in which Frank’s writing and the act of reading it become subjects of interest in themselves. As she is known as a chronicler and a symbol of something beyond her own life and historical moment, the literary figuring of Anne Frank and her diary gives a sense of the ways in which her life and writing have been engaged and given meaning. Her diary provides a model for later journaling under oppressive regimes or difficult economic, social, and personal circumstances. The matters that Frank mulls as she waits out the war—issues of divine and human nature, meaningfulness, identity, sexuality—as well as the unknowingness of the diary, and the imponderability of her fate—take on new dimensions in the hands of later novelists and filmmakers. Reaching across time and continents and in a range of languages, the reimagined Anne is understood as speaking not only to such things as anti-Semitism, human nature, and good and evil, but also to contemporary Jewish identity, fascism, sexuality, psychic pain, abuse, and resistance.

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Fantasy and Revolution: Alexander Bogdanov and the Origins of Bolshevik Science Fiction

Alexander Bogdanov Indiana University Press ePub

Richard Stites

“Blood is being shed [down there] for the sake of a better future,” says the Martian to the hero of Red Star as they are ascending to Mars. “But in order to wage the struggle we must know that future.” The blood he speaks of was the blood of workers shot down in the streets of St. Petersburg, of revolutionaries put against the wall of prison courtyards, of insurgent sailors and soldiers, of Jewish victims of pogroms in the Russian Revolution of 1905. And by “that better future” he means not the immediate outcome of the revolution but the radiant future of socialism that will dawn on earth after revolution has triumphed everywhere. In order to inspect the coming socialist order, the hero—a Bolshevik activist named Leonid—has accepted the invitation of a Martian visitor to fly with him and his crew to Mars.

In this manner Alexander Bogdanov, a major prophet of the Bolshevik movement and one of its most versatile writers and thinkers, begins his Utopian science fiction novel Red Star, first published in 1908. The red star is Mars; but it is also the dream set to paper of the kind of society that could emerge on Earth after the dual victory of the scientific-technical revolution and the social revolution. Bogdanov, a professional revolutionary, was one of those people, peculiar to revolutionary societies of our century, who moved easily back and forth between the barricade and the study table, the prison cell and the laboratory. He was a physician and a man of science; and he was the first in Russian fiction to combine a technical utopia, grounded in the latest scientific theories of the time, with the ideas of revolutionary Marxism. This was the central theme of both Red Star and his other novel, Engineer Menni.

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53. Review of Buckley’s Moral Teachings of Science

Charles S. Peirce Indiana University Press PDF

53

Review of Buckley’s Moral

Teachings of Science

2 June 1892

The Nation

Moral Teachings of Science. By Arabella B. Buckley. D. Appleton & Co. 1892.

Another subject so important, vast, and difficult it would be hard to name—a subject which not every philosopher of the first rank would be competent adequately to treat. Not mere clear insight into one aspect of philosophy is sufficient; a full appreciation of what belongs to the spirit of all the different leading schools of thought is required. To say that the subject is far beyond the powers of the authoress is no disparagement.

Nor has she attempted any thorough or philosophical discussion. It is not science which has dictated her teachings, but traditional ideas, for which she ingeniously finds considerable countenance in facts of natural history. But these facts are somewhat isolated and sporadic; they are not the leading facts of any current scientific theory. That they play so little part in science perhaps indicates a defect in scientific theories.

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2. Theory of Codes

Umberto Eco Indiana University Press ePub

When a code apportions the elements of a conveying system to the elements of a conveyed system, the former becomes the expression of the latter and the latter becomes the content of the former. A sign-function arises when an expression is correlated to a content, both the correlated elements being the functives of such a correlation.

We are now in a position to recognize the difference between a signal and a sign. A signal is a pertinent unit of a system that may be an expression system ordered to a content, but could also be a physical system without any semiotic purpose; as such it is studied by information theory in the stricter sense of the term. A signal can be a stimulus that does not mean anything but causes or elicits something; however, when used as the recognized antecedent of a foreseen consequent it may be viewed as a sign, inasmuch as it stands for its consequent (as far as the sender is concerned). On the other hand a sign is always an element of an expression plane conventionally correlated to one (or several) elements of a content plane.

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Appendix

Edited and with an Introduction by Owen Indiana University Press ePub

On some occasions, Pyle gives only the names of people from Indiana or refers only in passing to the state, with no detailed information. These instances are mentioned below.

May 28, 1929, [WASHINGTON]—On a flight from Washington to Dayton, O., in an Army Air Corps plane, we passed over 25 or 30 towns, and I knew what only four of them were. The others might have been Dana, Ind., or Swink, Okla., for all I knew.

June 26, 1929, ST. LOUISAfter missing a flight connection in Columbus, Ohio, Pyle winds up going through Indiana on the train, including a stop in Indianapolis, as he makes a transcontinental air-train journey.

August 28, 1929, CLEVELAND—[Doug] Davis flew here yesterday from South Bend, Ind., on the last leg of his trip from Wichita. . . .

April 14, 1931, DETROIT—[Among] the five newcomers to the [plane manufacturing companies is] . . . Cloud Coupe Aircraft of Milan, Ind., with a two-place, side-by-side cabin sesquiplane, driven with a 70-horsepower motor and selling for $1850.

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39. Review of Spencer’s Essays

Charles S. Peirce Indiana University Press PDF

39

Review of Spencer’s Essays

8 October 1891

The Nation

Essays, Scientific, Political, and Speculative. By Herbert Spencer. Library Edition, containing seven essays not before republished, and various other additions. 3 vols., 8vo, pp. 478, 466,

516. With an alphabetical index. D. Appleton & Co. 1891.

The theory of ethics which has latterly been taking shape under the hands of Stephen, Spencer, and others, is, from a practical point of view, one of the most important boons that philosophy has ever imparted to the world, since it supplies a worthy motive to conservative morals at a time when all is confused and endangered by the storm of new thought, the disintegration of creeds, and the failure of all evidences of an exalted future life.

The little of new which is contributed to the ethical theory in the present edition of Mr. Spencer’s essays is contained in the essays on the

“Ethics of Kant” and on “Absolute Political Ethics.” It was hardly to be expected that the additions would go to enhance Mr. Spencer’s wellbuilt-up reputation. The popularity of his doctrine has probably passed its meridian. In one of the new essays, he quotes with admiration Huxley’s fine saying, “Science commits suicide when it adopts a creed.”

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Chapter One

Scott Russell Sanders Indiana University Press ePub

Phoenix thought of her as the barefooted walker. From the morning when she first loomed into view like an unpredicted planet, she set up fierce tides of desire in him.

On that morning the pressure inside Oregon City and inside his head seemed no greater than usual, no more conducive to visions. A blue wig dangled stylishly about his ears, facepaint disguised his features, and a portfolio of satellite film beneath one arm identified him as a man bound for the office. Chemmies regulated every bodily process that needed regulating. All his life was in order. But when Phoenix emerged from his apartment, ticking off the day’s plans in his mind (work, then breeze-tripping for lunch, electro-ball in the afternoon, and eros parlors in the evening), suddenly there she was, a barefooted woman pacing in the wrong direction on the pedbelt. Slap of naked flesh on the conveyor. By matching her stride to the speed of the belt she managed to stay at the same point in the corridor, just opposite his doorway. Bustling along, yet never stirring from her chosen spot, she reminded Phoenix of the conjoined whirl and stillness of a gyroscope.

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23. Ideas, Stray or Stolen, about Scientific Writing (1904)

Edited by the Peirce Edition Project Indiana University Press ePub

 

MS 774. [First published by J. M. Krois in Philosophy and Rhetoric 11 (1978):147–55. Probably intending it for the Popular Science Monthly, Peirce wrote this article late in 1904, after he had published a negative review of a book by T. C. Allbutt on scientific writing (CN 3:179–81). Peirce planned a two-part essay on the rhetoric of scientific communications, the first to be general, and the second, special, but he only wrote the first one, whose complete title ended with “No. I” here omitted.] Somewhat more popular in style than most of Peirce’s writings, this short paper should be considered along with selections 20–22 as part of the first comprehensive statement of Peirce’s “mature” general theory of signs. Here Peirce focuses on the third science of his semiotic trivium, rhetoric, which he has liberated from its traditional limitation to speech. The aim of his “speculative rhetoric” is to find out “the general secret of rendering signs effictive,“ no matter what their kind. The range of semiotic effects taken to be legitimate interpretants is extended to include feelings and even physical results, in addition to thoughts and other symbols. Among the surprises of this paper, we learn that nothing can be represented unless it is of the nature of a sign and that ideas can only be communicated through their physical effects. Although brief, this paper provides a vivid snapshot of a broad terrain that still contains virgin territory for semioticians and language theorists.

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Introduction

Jarrod Tanny Indiana University Press ePub

DURING THE CHAOS of the Russian Revolution and civil war, Konstantin Paustovskii witnessed a curious and somewhat comical incident. Observing a street-corner queue in Odessa, Paustovskii noted the presence of

a short, old, Jewish gentleman in a dusty bowler and a worn black coat reaching to his ankles. Smiling and nodding benevolently, he observed the queue through unusually thick spectacles. Now and then he took out of his pocket a small black book with the Star of David embroidered in gold on the cover, read a page or two and returned the book to his pocket.

Paustovskii was certain that he must have been “a scholar, perhaps even a tsaddic, an old philosopher from Portofrank Street,” a figure not uncommon in early-twentieth-century Ukraine. Suddenly, a young rather insolent-looking man appeared wearing a black skullcap and canary-colored leather shoes. “The young man,” Paustovskii continues,

was wondering how to jump the queue without causing a fuss and a row. He saw the old gentleman with the book, and naturally took him for the very embodiment of mildness and non-resistance to evil. Making up his mind, he skillfully inserted his shoulder between him and his neighbour in the queue and, pushing the old man, muttered casually:

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Allegories of Empire

IU Press Journals Indiana University Press ePub

Django/Dorner/blackness/blowback

Walter Johnson

Name; A word or set of words by which a person, animal, place, or thing is known, addressed, or referred to. Synonyms: reputation, title, appellation, denomination, repute.

—CHRISTOPHER DORNER

The ‘D’ is silent.

—DJANGO

What happens to a dream deferred? Does it dry up like a raisin in the sun? . . . Or does it explode?

—LANGSTON HUGHES

LET US BEGIN with a declaration of war written by a man who wanted only to clear his name. Several days before he began murdering people in the hope that their deaths would avenge the racism he had suffered during his career as an officer in the LAPD, Christopher Dorner posted it on Facebook. Dorner, a thirty-three year-old retired Naval Reservist who had been recently fired by the LAPD, apparently went on to kill four people, before dying on February 12, 2013 in a shootout with local, state, and federal law enforcement near Big Bear Lake in Southern California. About midway through the document, Dorner mentioned the movie, Django Unchained, which was playing in theaters at the time of his own brief, murderous debut. The reference to Django was a passing one, part of a list of name checks (Charlie Sheen, Larry David, Ellen Degeneres), thumbnail reviews (“Dave Brubeck’s ‘Take Five’ is the greatest piece of music ever, period”), and political opinions (in favor of Gay Marriage, Hilary 2016, and a ban on Assault Weapons). “Christopher Walz,” Dorner wrote, addressing one of Django’s leading actors, “you impressed me in Inglourious Basterds. After viewing Django Unchained, I was sold. I have come to the conclusion that you are well on your way to becoming one of the greats, if not already, and show glimpses of Daniel Day Lewis and Morgan Freeman-esque type qualities of greatness. Trust me when I say that you will be one of the greatest ever.” The tone typifies the document. Dorner addresses those whom he has followed at a distance as an equal; he encourages them, he consoles them, he praises them; or, if he sees fit, he smacks them down and puts them in their proper place. He sits in judgment. His is the voice of a Regular Guy metastasized into importance—omniscience, omnipotence?—by the threat of violence. Coming in the middle of an exposé of racism in the LAPD and a long list of threats against named individuals and their families, these lists are disorienting: the dying thoughts of an observant man who thought people would actually care what he had to say about anything.

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25. Issues of Pragmaticism (1905)

Edited by the Peirce Edition Project Indiana University Press ePub

 

P 1080: The Monist 15 (October 1905):481–99. [Published in CP 5.438–63. Initially titled “The Consequences of Pragmaticism” as were several other earlier documents, Peirce changed the title in its last draft (MS 290). Only the last 44 pages of the 61-page manuscript, completed in June 1905, are today extant in the Open Court archives preserved at Southern Illinois University in Carbondale (Special Collections, The Morris Library). The text below reproduces pages 481–86 of the Monist article, and then follows the manuscript.] Peirce begins by restating his pragmatic maxim in semiotic terms, by identifying the meaning that pragmaticism seeks to enunciate as that of symbols rather than of conceptions. He devotes most of this article to a consideration of two long-held doctrines, now seen to be consequences of pragmaticism: critical common-sensism and scholastic realism. Peirce enumerates and discusses “six distinctive characters” of critical common-sensism, among them the important doctrine of vague ideas. He extends his realism to include the acceptance of “real vagues” and “real possibilities,” and he points out that “it is the reality of some possibilities that pragmaticism is most concerned to insist upon.” Because of this, Max Fisch has claimed that pragmaticism is pragmatism “purged of the nominalistic dross of its original exposition.”

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