163 Chapters
Medium 9781574411546

8 Thumper, Flower, Meeko, and Who Knows What Else?

Andrea Dawn Lopez University of North Texas Press PDF

Chapter Eight

as neighbors, however, was, whose house she had turned into her own. After all, this family of seven had to be holed up somewhere!

It didn’t take long to figure out where she raised her new family.

One of my neighbors caught her in the act of moving her young one night at dusk. He was sitting on his back porch enjoying the last bits of sunlight from a wonderful summer day when he saw the mother raccoon emerge from his neighbor’s chimney. She paused at the top and then returned to the darkness to retrieve something—one of her babies.

He didn’t know why she was moving her young. It seemed like a vulnerable situation for the babies. After all, where was she moving them to? Would they be all right in the meantime? Apparently, there was no need for worries. My neighbor watched as the mother went to and from the chimney, carrying one baby away at a time. She repeated the process until each of her six babies had been moved to a new location. We never knew if that homeowner knew he had raccoons in his chimney. Whatever the situation, the mother made up her mind that the chimney had served them long enough.

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Medium 9781574411638

Appendix B Civil War Cannon Rifling

Jack Bell University of North Texas Press PDF

Appendix B

Civil War Cannon Rifling

The rifling found on the sabots of fired Civil War rifled artillery projectiles provides important information to the artillery student. Usually, it indicates which type of cannon fired the projectile. This in turn often allows a person to identify the specific cannon and perhaps the battery or ship that fired the projectile.

Listed below are the known types of rifling for all the calibers of rifled cannons thought to have been used in the Civil War. Obviously the list is not complete. Projectiles are still being recovered with rifling on their sabots that have not been previously documented. Some of the rifling documented for this appendix are from actual projectiles with rifling that are not recorded in reference books. The reference column indicates the source of the information.

Additions that can be documented by actual projectiles or cannon or from authoritative reference books are welcomed. See “Notes” at the end of this appendix.



Type Rifle

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Medium 9781574411522

Appendix B Medical and Dental Services Offered TDCJ Inmates

Jorge Antonio Renaud University of North Texas Press PDF

Appendix B

Medical and Dental Services

Offered TDCJ Inmates

I. Primary Care

This is the inmate’s first point of contact with the health care system.

This level offers medical care for the large number of conditions that frequently occur in the population and which do not require sophisticated technical capability to diagnose or treat. This level also provides for the triage and referral of patients to the secondary level, which offers more specialized diagnostic procedures and treatment. All units in the

TDCJ-ID offer at least primary care.

Services provided:

A. Self-care—personal hygiene and care for a condition that can be self-treated.

B. First aid services—services for a minor condition that can be treated with over-the-counter products by uncredentialed person trained in first aid.

C. Basic Ambulatory Clinic Outpatient Services:

1. Medical services offered: a) medication administration b) screening physical exams c) immunizations d) personal health and hygiene counseling e) nutrition counseling f) basic history and physical exams and evaluation g) diagnosis and treatment of simple illnesses and minor injuries h) specimen collection and basic laboratory procedures i) basic radiology services (chest, abdomen, KUB, extremities) j) eyeglass fittings k) EKGs l) Basic respiratory therapy services

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18 Lockdowns

Jorge Antonio Renaud University of North Texas Press PDF

Chapter eighteen



arely does TDCJ label anything so accurately. A lockdown is just that—every inmate in the locked-down wing, block, dorm, or unit is confined to his cell or cubicle, with no movement, no work, no recreation, no school, no visit, and with sometimes only cold sack lunches to eat for weeks on end. Lockdowns may last from hours to months and are imposed by wardens for different reasons. Although the ranking officer on duty has the authority to order a lockdown, anything lasting more than a few hours and affecting more than a few inmates will be ordered by a warden, and it must be justified to the regional and system directors.

Some wardens order lockdowns every six months or so to search the unit for tobacco, drugs, or weapons. These lockdowns are usually in the middle of the week, last only twenty-four to seventy-two hours, and do not disrupt visiting schedules. Many inmates welcome these lockdowns, as they offer three-day vacations from work. However, if a unit is plagued by continual violence, or if a riot is believed imminent, officials will order a lockdown that may last from a seventy-two-hour cooling off period to months. These longer lockdowns usually are on close-custody wings, where more violent inmates are concentrated.

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Medium 9781574414455

Chapter 7: Cattle Brand Inspectors

Lorie Rubenser and Gloria Priddy University of North Texas Press ePub

Chapter 7

Cattle Brand Inspectors


Societies as far back as the ancient Egyptians practiced the branding of animals.1 The brand is essentially a label denoting ownership, rather like a serial number on a laptop.

An array of laws and rules developed around the branding of animals to ensure proper branding, use of different brands by different people, transfer of ownership for a branded animal, etc. Regulating and enforcing these laws now falls to the Cattle Brand Inspectors, licensed peace officers with expertise in livestock.

History of the Position

A brand registry became the most convenient way of ensuring each person, ranch, or company used a separate brand. In the United States, the earliest brand registry still in existence is from Richmond County, St. George, Staten Island, New York. The registry includes brands, court cases, road surveys, and other municipal information. Although the earliest brands in this registry are not dated, they appear to come from 1678.2

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