3469 Chapters
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Medium 9780253008800

Introduction. Poles and Jews: Significant Others

Erica T. Lehrer Indiana University Press ePub

With one culture, we cannot feel!

SŁAWOMIR SIERAKOWSKI IN YAEL BARTANA'S 2009 FILM MARY KOSZMARY (NIGHTMARES)

Kazimierz, Krakow's historically Jewish quarter, is one among a number of iconically Jewish spaces that have been “put back on the map” across the new Europe, in places where Jews lived in concentration before World War II and sometimes long before: Berlin's Scheunenviertel, Paris's Le Marais, Bologna's “Il Ghetto,” Prague's Židovské město (Josefov), and other pockets in Vilna, Lvov, Czernowitz, and elsewhere. Despite Poland's minuscule contemporary Jewish population (estimates from the decade ending in 2009 vary from about 5,000 to 20,000 among 40 million Poles), in the past fifteen years the country has seen a profusion of Jewish-themed events, venues, and sites.1 Significant efforts at the state level to remake Poland's Jewish heritage through museums, monuments, and commemorations have emerged. Jewish conferences, ceremonies, memorials, performances, festivals, and other events in Poland outstrip public programming in countries with much larger Jewish communities.2

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Medium 9780253018182

4 The Gender of Pragmatism

Deborah Whitehead Indiana University Press ePub

Pragmatism [is] a mediator and reconciler. . . . She “unstiffens” our theories. She has in fact no prejudices whatever, no obstructive dogmas, no rigid canons of what shall count as proof. She is completely genial. She will entertain any hypothesis, she will consider any evidence. It follows that in the religious field she is at a great advantage both over positivistic empiricism, with its anti-theological bias, and over religious rationalism, with its exclusive interest in the remote, the noble, the simple, and the abstract in the way of conception. In short, she widens the field of search for God. Rationalism sticks to logic and the empyrean. Empiricism sticks to the external senses. Pragmatism is willing to take anything, to follow either logic or the senses, and to count the humblest and most personal experiences. . . .

Her only test of probable truth is what works best in the way of leading us, what fits every part of life best and combines with the collectivity of experience’s demands, nothing being omitted.

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Medium 9780253355973

3. Tipping the Scales: Striving for Imbalance

Staci Newmahr Indiana University Press ePub

Striving for Imbalance

I stood facing him, trying to keep my abraded back from brushing against the rough concrete wall. I was exhausted. We'd been playing for a long time; it must have been at least two hours. I think he used just about every toy he owned. My legs were stiff. My arms ached from straining against the cuffs. I was depleted from the scene, ready to go home and crawl into bed.

He set his flogger on the table beside him. He moved close to me and stroked my hair.

“How ya doin'?” he asked softly.

“Good…,” I responded, “…sleepy.” I smiled and he laughed at me.

“What?” I asked, half-dazed.

Mimicking me, Adam smiled—a wide, spacey, extremely goofy grin.

“Here, let me get that,” he said, miming wiping drool from my chin.

I laughed. He laughed.

Then he hit me, open-handed, across my left cheek, probably about as hard as I had ever been hit. My face swung toward the wall.

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Medium 9781574414691

6. “Up Buck! Up Ball! Do Your Duty!”: Women and the Runaway Scrape - Light Townsend Cummins

Edited by Mary L. Scheer University of North Texas Press ePub

CHAPTER 6

“Up Buck! Up Ball! Do Your Duty!”

Women and the Runaway Scrape

Light Townsend Cummins

The Runaway Scrape during the spring of 1836 constitutes one of the most noteworthy and poignant chapters of the Texas Revolution, in large part because it touched the lives of almost all Anglo-Americans in the province whether soldier or civilian. The “Runaway Scrape” quickly became the term used by those involved to describe the flight of Texans towards Louisiana and the United States at they moved eastward during the spring of 1836. Thousands of people rolled before the movement of the Mexican armies and eventually became involved in this exodus. The military forces commanded by General Sam Houston constituted a significant part of this movement, but the largest number of people proved to be the men, women, and children of the families living in the areas from San Antonio to the Sabine River. The Runaway Scrape accordingly involved a considerable number of women who took to the roads with their families and children. Many of them experienced profound hardships and privations. Some of them lost their lives in the process.

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Medium 9781574415957

Marathon Carjacking: The Boston Globe, By Eric Moskowitz

Edited by George Getschow University of North Texas Press PDF

46

Best American Newspaper Narratives, Vol. 2

“I did that,” said the man, who would later be identified as Tamerlan

Tsarnaev. "And I just killed a policeman in Cambridge."

He ordered Danny to drive—right on Fordham Road, right again on

Commonwealth Avenue—the beginning of an achingly slow odyssey last

Thursday night and Friday morning in which Danny felt the possibility of death pressing on him like a vise.

In an exclusive interview with the Globe, Danny—the victim of the

Tsarnaev brothers' much-discussed but previously little-understood carjacking—filled in some of the last missing pieces in the timeline between the murder of MIT police officer Sean Collier, just before 10:30 p.m. on April 18, and the Watertown shoot-out that ended just before 1 a.m. Danny asked that he be identified only by his American nickname.

The story of that night unfolds like a Tarantino movie, bursts of harrowing action laced with dark humor and dialogue absurd for its ordinariness, reminders of just how young the men in the car were.

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Medium 9780253012296

3 Film as Instrument of Modernization and Social Change in Africa: The Long View

PETER JASON BLOOM Indiana University Press ePub

Rosaleen Smyth

In this chapter I will ground the theme of modernization in sub-Saharan Africa in its authentic historical context by demonstrating its colonial roots. The central focus will be the efforts made to use film as an instrument of modernization and development communication. In doing so I will turn the current academic orthodoxy on its head. Development communication did not have “its origins in postwar international aid programs,” which were in turn “derived from theories of development and social change that identified the main problems of the post-war world in terms of a lack of development or progress equivalent to Western countries,” as stated in a 2001 report to the Rockefeller Foundation (Waisbord 2001). On the contrary, starting in the 1920s ideas about using mass media as a means of changing mindsets from “traditional” to “modern” and encouraging the adoption of new methods of agriculture and healthcare, among other techniques, were being explored and experimented with in Britain’s African colonies. This was long before the hatching of modernization and development communication theories in American universities and research institutes were in the heat of postwar reconstruction and enshrined in Daniel Lerner’s The Passing of Traditional Society (1958), Wilbur Schramm’s Mass Media and National Development (1964), and David McLelland’s The Achieving Society (1961). These works were published to great acclaim at the height of the Cold War. And, what is more, it was not just the British colonial administration acting in isolation; even then it was acting in concert with international entities including the aforesaid Rockefeller Foundation.

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Medium 9780253010544

2 The Cape Coloured Community

Anna Aulette-Root Indiana University Press ePub

This Book is about women who face stigma, discrimination, poverty, and violence. It is about women who do care work for children and men, and whose responsibilities sometimes force them to make choices between their own needs and those for whom they are caring. And it is about women who must contend with all of these challenges at the same time they fear for the deterioration of their own physical selves and their lost beauty as a result of HIV. Women all over the world face similar challenges, and in that sense the women in our study represent the experience of women across many borders. The women in this case, however, also represent one particular community on the globe with its own unique history and its own particular expectations about women. This case study is about Coloured women in Cape Town, South Africa. Who are these women?

In the United States the word “colored” is an offensive holdover from the period in American history when apartheid was legal under Jim Crow laws. In South Africa, however, while there is controversy surrounding the language used to describe various groups of people in the country, the term “Coloured” is generally not perceived as a derogatory term. In fact, it is widely used by people who identify themselves as Coloured. The identity of Coloured and the character and experience of the Coloured community is an important feature of South Africa to be explored. And as our research unfolded it became an essential issue for discussion in order to understand the lives of women in the Western Cape who identify themselves as Coloured. This chapter describes a little of the history of Coloured people through slavery, colonialism, apartheid, and the struggle that finally toppled a racially defined government in the 1990s. It also provides some context for understanding contemporary issues in the Coloured community as South Africans continue the fight to depose the deeply entrenched social, economic, and political remnants of that history and as Coloured women face all of these issues in addition to gender injustice.

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Medium 9781574414707

Chapter 4

Mark T. Smokov University of North Texas Press PDF

CHAPTER 4

Pay Back

T

here was a light snowfall the morning of December 27, 1894, and the cold was keeping several men inside the Clothing Store and Saloon run by Jake Harris. Harris’ left leg had been amputated close to the hip after a gun battle with City Marshal George Treat of Great Falls in November 1891.1 He used a shotgun for a crutch if he expected any trouble in his saloon. Harris and Landusky were friends, and Landusky had put up the money for the building with the status of silent partner.

There was a counter in the back of the saloon where cheap clothing and some food items were sold. Harris had sent to Anaconda for a friend of his named Charles Annis, who went by the name Hogan, to be his clerk.

Despite being frail and tubercular, he was reputed to be a gunman. It was understood that, besides minding the store, another duty of Hogan’s was to keep the wild cowboy element, such as the Currys, in line.2

Ed Skelton, a friend of Landusky’s, was present that morning: “I met

Mr. Landusky at Jake Harris saloon about ten o’clock on the 27th day of

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Medium 9781936227068

15. When Work Hits Home

Davis, Belva Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

• • •

We felt fortunate that our family emerged relatively unscathed from the 1970s—which is rather ironic to say, considering we were driven from our home after a biker gang of white supremacists plotted to kidnap our teenage daughter.

Nonetheless we fared better than many others in the San Francisco Bay Area who paid a far greater price during what was to be a harrowing decade, drenched in a senseless violence that seemed to seep toward the edge of apocalyptic: The Zebra murders. The Symbionese Liberation Army abductions, armed robberies, and shootings. The cult exodus and mass suicides of Jonestown. The assassination of San Francisco’s mayor and first openly gay supervisor. Real life too often resembled the melodramatic movie trailer “In a world gone mad...”

For six months beginning in the fall of 1973, San Francisco and its environs were unnerved by faceless assailants who unleashed random yet deadly attacks on everyday people doing everyday activities. Homicide inspectors who worked the case would characterize it as “the opening of the gates of hell”—it was, indeed, one of the most ruthless and prolonged cases of domestic terrorism in U.S. history.

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Medium 9780253018618

Looking Sharp

IU Press Journals Indiana University Press ePub

performance, genre, and questioning history in Django Unchained

Terri Francis

So Stackolee left, he went walking down the New Haven track.
A train come along and flattened him on his back.
He went up in the air and when he fell
Stackolee landed right down in hell.
He said Devil, Devil, put your fork up on the shelf
Cause I’m gonna run this devilish place myself.
There came a rumbling on the earth and a tumbling on the ground,
That bad son-of-a-gun, Stackolee, was turning hell around
.

—LYRICS EXCERPTED FROM THE FOLK BALLAD “STACKOLEE

Patina: What you do for your master?
Django: Didn’t you hear him tell you I ain’t no slave?
Patina: So you really free?
Django: Yes. I’s free.
Patina: You mean you want to dress that like that?

DJANGO UNCHAINED

DJANGO UNCHAINED IS just a movie—a mass entertainment product like hundreds of others that entered the marketplace in 2012—but it is also much more. This movie became a forum, an occasion for critical reflection upon black representation in U.S. film, the history of slavery, and beyond. As such, Quentin Tarantino’s flick, both as a discourse itself and an object of discourse, opens up the question of performance, genre and history in the movies and presents an occasion for historians and film specialists to point interested audiences toward sources of factual truth and testimony.

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Medium 9781626562202

Chapter 2 A Group Meeting

Ashe, Jeffrey Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

The following tale of a savings group meeting is a sketch drawn from many sources. The village Kouloukoura and its economy, environment, and social structures were crafted from a composite of villages in its region that have been closely studied by Oxfam America, Freedom from Hunger, Innovations for Poverty Action, and the University of Arizona’s Bureau of Applied Research in Anthropology. The characters featured here are themselves composite sketches, drawn from case studies of and interviews with savings group members and data that indicates what a typical group in this area may look like, including its members’ livelihoods, family structures, and finances.

Bintou was thinking about rain as she wiped sweat off her forehead and put down the short hoe she used for weeding. Hours before noon, the day was already hot. Bintou lives in Kouloukoura, Mali, a midsize village of a few thousand people located in Mali’s expansive Koulikoro region. The region is tucked below the Sahara desert to the north, where agriculture gives way to cattle herding. Kouloukoura, like many of Mali’s villages south of the desert, receives enough rainfall for villagers to cultivate many crops; the size of the harvest, though, is extremely vulnerable to the impacts of seasonal rains and drought.

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Medium 9781574416510

7. Mexican-Texan Women in the Civil War

Edited by Deborah M. Liles and Angela Boswell University of North Texas Press ePub
Medium 9781574411843

Chapter 24. Greater Love . . .

Edited by Francis Edward Abernethy and Kenneth L. Untiedt University of North Texas Press PDF

24

GREATER LOVE . . . by George N. Oliver (the Rabbi) 1923–2002 of Tyler as told to F. E. Abernethy

We called him “Rabbi” ironically, probably because he could be so outrageously disorderly and unrabbinical. His name was George

Oliver, and he was among the veterans who returned from World

War II to the Stephen F. Austin State College campus on the G. I.

Bill in 1946. He had been in the 169th Infantry, C Company, 43rd

Division and had fought up the islands from New Guinea to the

Philippines. George and I lived together in old army barracks that had been moved onto the campus to house students. We called it

“The Old Folks Home,” and it was a den of iniquity.

The Rabbi was one of the wildest, drinkin’est, fightin’est characters I have ever known, and we bonded early when we were thrown in jail together on one of our sprees. But the Rabbi changed. He married a good woman and he became a schoolteacher. He taught at a junior college and in one of the Texas prison units. And he got religion and became a lay preacher. And every one of us who knew him in The Old Folks Home continued to be amazed at his metamorphosis.

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Medium 9781626567924

4. The Stranger

Qazi, Farhana Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

She was a stranger to most people, including her own family. On December 2, 2015, a twenty-something young woman named Tashfeen Malik from Pakistan and her husband, Syed Farook, gunned down fourteen people and wounded others in one of the deadliest mass shootings in America. Masked in black, her face concealed, the girl from Pakistan assaulted my religion.

In the first hour of the attack, I wondered aloud if Malik would be hated less if she sported a painted leather jacket, low-rise jeans, and leather boots. If she had appeared more Western, rather than hidden from the public’s view, she might have been accepted as a Muslim woman. Interviews with Western women confirm that they perceive Muslim women draped in dark garb, including the covering of their eyes, as anonymous or nonexistent. One American woman said to me, “I can’t talk to her if I can’t see her as a person.”

I wanted to believe that Malik’s religion did not matter. Even when it did. I knew that Islam would come under attack again by those who did not understand it because a Muslim woman ruined the lives of innocent Americans and put Islam in the spotlight. Again.

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Medium 9780253018595

Negotiating Africa Now

IU Press Journals Indiana University Press ePub

IN 1957 LONDON, a young Nigerian broadcaster named Chinua Achebe, on the advice of friends, showed a manuscript for a novel chronicling the saga of three families in precolonial Nigeria to an instructor at his BBC training course. The manuscript, overhauled, revised, and rescued from consignment to the dustbin of an unscrupulous typewriting service, would eventually make its way to Alan Hill who, working for William Heinemann, would publish it first in hardback and later in paperback as the inaugural offering of the Heinemann African Writers Series. The publication of that novel, Things Fall Apart (1958), has come to mark the founding of modern African fiction, the first foray of a new body of work which has since been hailed for its revitalization of English-language writing and its centrality in the consecration of world literatures. Outstripping all publisher expectations, Things Fall Apart has since become the most widely-read work of African fiction, selling over ten million copies, translated into nearly fifty languages, and enabling Achebe’s legacy as the father of African writing. Described in its initial publishers’ reports as “a very exciting discovery” chronicling “the breakup of tribal life in one part of Nigeria,” the novel was rapidly lauded for its simplicity and feted for its ethnographic inquiries, finding its way into discussions of literary value, anthropology, and colonial discourse. “Writing back” to the vision of Africa as a land of savagery and darkness, the distorted reflection of the continent depicted in the work of writers like Joseph Conrad and Joyce Cary, Achebe’s novel became a cornerstone in the project of recuperating a positive notion of African culture and heritage. Proving, definitively, that the privilege of literary voice and aesthetic representation in imaginative writing were no longer the sole property of the colonial powers, Achebe’s novel marked the first occasion on which the continent’s cry back to its masters might be heard, enlivening anti-colonial sentiment and humanizing, for the first time on a global scale, a distinctly African story of colonialism.

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